-Patrice Lumumba( The First Prime Minister of the Congo (Zaire)

-Patrice Lumumba( The First Prime Minister of the Congo (Zaire)

On June 30, 1960, Independence Day) Which i will be attached later. GIves a little bit background of this document, brief summarize it and your own thoughts of viewing this independent speech. About three paragraph, focus on the personal thoughts of this speech.

Patrice Lumumba
The First Prime Minister of the Congo (Zaire)
On June 30, 1960, Independence Day
Men and women of the Congo,
Victorious fighters for independence, today victorious, I greet you in the name of the
Congolese Government. All of you, my friends, who have fought tirelessly at our sides, I ask
you to make this June 30, 1960, an illustrious date that you will keep indelibly engraved in
your hearts, a date of significance of which you will teach to your children, so that they will
make known to their sons and to their grandchildren the glorious history of our fight for
liberty.
For this independence of the Congo, even as it is celebrated today with Belgium, a friendly
country with whom we deal as equal to equal, no Congolese worthy of the name will ever be
able to forget that is was by fighting that it has been won [applause], a day-to-day fight, an
ardent and idealistic fight, a fight in which we were spared neither privation nor suffering,
and for which we gave our strength and our blood.
We are proud of this struggle, of tears, of fire, and of blood, to the depths of our being, for it
was a noble and just struggle, and indispensable to put an end to the humiliating slavery
which was imposed upon us by force.
This was our fate for eighty years of a colonial regime; our wounds are too fresh and too
painful still for us to drive them from our memory. We have known harassing work, exacted
in exchange for salaries which did not permit us to eat enough to drive away hunger, or to
clothe ourselves, or to house ourselves decently, or to raise our children as creatures dear to
us.
We have known ironies, insults, blows that we endured morning, noon, and evening,
because we are Negroes. Who will forget that to a black one said “tu”, certainly not as to a
friend, but because the more honorable “vous” was reserved for whites alone?
We have seen our lands seized in the name of allegedly legal laws which in fact recognized
only that might is right.
We have seen that the law was not the same for a white and for a black, accommodating for
the first, cruel and inhuman for the other.
We have witnessed atrocious sufferings of those condemned for their political opinions or
religious beliefs; exiled in their own country, their fate truly worse than death itself.
We have seen that in the towns there were magnificent houses for the whites and crumbling
shanties for the blacks, that a black was not admitted in the motion-picture houses, in the
restaurants, in the stores of the Europeans; that a black traveled in the holds, at the feet of
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the whites in their luxury cabins.
Who will ever forget the massacres where so many of our brothers perished, the cells into
which those who refused to submit to a regime of oppression and exploitation were thrown
[applause]?
All that, my brothers, we have endured.
But we, whom the vote of your elected representatives have given the right to direct our dear
country, we who have suffered in our body and in our heart from colonial oppression, we tell
you very loud, all that is henceforth ended.
The Republic of the Congo has been proclaimed, and our country is now in the hands of its
own children.
Together, my brothers, my sisters, we are going to begin a new struggle, a sublime struggle,
which will lead our country to peace, prosperity, and greatness.
Together, we are going to establish social justice and make sure everyone has just
remuneration for his labor [applause].
We are going to show the world what the black man can do when he works in freedom, and
we are going to make of the Congo the center of the sun’s radiance for all of Africa.
We are going to keep watch over the lands of our country so that they truly profit her
children. We are going to restore ancient laws and make new ones which will be just and
noble.
We are going to put an end to suppression of free thought and see to it that all our citizens
enjoy to the full the fundamental liberties foreseen in the Declaration of the Rights of Man
[applause].
We are going to do away with all discrimination of every variety and assure for each and all
the position to which human dignity, work, and dedication entitles him.
We are going to rule not by the peace of guns and bayonets but by a peace of the heart and
the will [applause].
And for all that, dear fellow countrymen, be sure that we will count not only on our enormous
strength and immense riches but on the assistance of numerous foreign countries whose
collaboration we will accept if it is offered freely and with no attempt to impose on us an alien
culture of no matter what nature [applause].
In this domain, Belgium, at last accepting the flow of history, has not tried to oppose our
independence and is ready to give us their aid and their friendship, and a treaty has just
been signed between our two countries, equal and independent. On our side, while we stay
vigilant, we shall respect our obligations, given freely.
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Thus, in the interior and the exterior, the new Congo, our dear Republic that my government
will create, will be a rich, free, and prosperous country. But so that we will reach this aim
without delay, I ask all of you, legislators and citizens, to help me with all your strength.
I ask all of you to forget your tribal quarrels. They exhaust us. They risk making us despised
abroad.
I ask the parliamentary minority to help my Government through a constructive opposition
and to limit themselves strictly to legal and democratic channels.
I ask all of you not to shrink before any sacrifice in order to achieve the success of our huge
undertaking.
In conclusion, I ask you unconditionally to respect the life and the property of your fellow
citizens and of foreigners living in our country. If the conduct of these foreigners leaves
something to be desired, our justice will be prompt in expelling them from the territory of the
Republic; if, on the contrary, their conduct is good, they must be left in peace, for they also
are working for our country’s prosperity.
The Congo’s independence marks a decisive step towards the liberation of the entire African
continent [applause].
Sire, Excellencies, Mesdames, Messieurs, my dear fellow countrymen, my brothers of race,
my brothers of struggle– this is what I wanted to tell you in the name of the Government on
this magnificent day of our complete independence.
Our government, strong, national, popular, will be the health of our country.
I call on all Congolese citizens, men, women and children, to set themselves resolutely to
the task of creating a prosperous national economy which will assure our economic
independence.
Glory to the fighters for national liberation!
Long live independence and African unity!
Long live the independent and sovereign Congo!
[applause, long and loud]
[ Home ] [ Up ] [ Historical Biography ] [ Independence Day June 30, 1960 ] [ Lumumba’s Last Letter ]
[ New Data on Murder of Lumumba ] [ Who Killed Lumumba? ] [ Dawn in the Heart of Africa ]
[ Weep, Beloved Black Brother ] [ Patrice Lumumba Photo Gallery ]
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And the PPT part. I need you to make 5 slices, so pretend you are a professor, and trying to use this PPT teach students what is this independent speech, how is it influence the society, and give a little bit background of this sppech (1 slice). you can quote some sentence and analysis it and make some rhetorical questions. Thank you

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